Throughout this knowledge module, reference to certain provisions or sections of a piece of legislation, part of a legal judgment, or aspect of a practice does not imply that the legislation, judgment, or practice is considered in its entirety to be a good example or a promising practice.

Some of the laws cited herein may contain provisions which authorize the death penalty. In light of the United Nations General Assembly resolutions 62/14963/16865/206, and 67/176 calling for a moratorium on and ultimate abolition of capital punishment, the death penalty should not be included in sentencing provisions for crimes of violence against women and girls.

Other Provisions Related to Domestic Violence LawsResources for Developing Legislation on Domestic Violence
Sexual Harassment in Sport Tools for Drafting Sexual Harassment Laws and Policies
Immigration Provisions Resources for developing legislation on sex trafficking of women and girls
Child Protection Provisions Resources on Forced and Child Marriage
Other provisions related to dowry-related and domestic violence laws
Related Tools


Last edited: January 26, 2011

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  • Drafters should ensure that the sex trafficking law contains provisions related to the creation of training programs for law enforcement, prosecutors, judges, child protection officials, immigration and other relevant officials. Training should focus on: 
    • Relevant international, national and local laws on sex trafficking;
    • Methods used in preventing such trafficking;
    • Demand;
    • Dynamics of trafficking;
    • Prosecuting the traffickers; and
    • Protecting the rights of the victims, including protecting the victims from the traffickers.
  • Training may either be mandatory or not, keeping in mind that unfunded mandates may prove to be more problematic than effective.


Anti-trafficking Training Material for Judges and prosecutors in EU Member States and Accession and Candidate Countries, Vienna, Austria: International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD), 2006. Available in English. (See also the module on Access to Justice)

Law Enforcement Pocket Card, Office of Refugee Resettlement, United States Department of Health and Human Services. Available in English.


Illustrative Example:

The Moldovan Law on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings (2005) contains a provision for training law enforcement and other professionals tasked with preventing and combating human trafficking. 

Article 14. Vocational Training and Education of Personnel

(1) The state shall guarantee vocational training and education of employees in law enforcement authorities, migration bodies, and other authorities in the field of preventing and combating trafficking in human beings.

(2) Such vocational training and education of personnel shall be based on the methods of preventing and combating trafficking in human beings, the most advanced techniques for conducting criminal investigation in cases of trafficking in human beings, including trafficking in children, the observance of the rights and interests of victims of trafficking and on the most advanced forms of their protection.

(3) The vocational training and education of personnel shall comprise methods and forms of collaboration of public administration authorities with representations of international and regional organizations in the Republic of Moldova, non-governmental organizations, other institutions and representatives of civil society, as well as methods and forms of cooperation and collaboration of public administration authorities, organizations and institutions of the Republic of Moldova with interested authorities, organizations and institutions of other states and with international and regional organizations.

(See:  Moldovan Law on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, 2005)