Throughout this knowledge module, reference to certain provisions or sections of a piece of legislation, part of a legal judgment, or aspect of a practice does not imply that the legislation, judgment, or practice is considered in its entirety to be a good example or a promising practice.

Some of the laws cited herein may contain provisions which authorize the death penalty. In light of the United Nations General Assembly resolutions 62/14963/16865/206, and 67/176 calling for a moratorium on and ultimate abolition of capital punishment, the death penalty should not be included in sentencing provisions for crimes of violence against women and girls.

Other Provisions Related to Domestic Violence LawsResources for Developing Legislation on Domestic Violence
Sexual Harassment in Sport Tools for Drafting Sexual Harassment Laws and Policies
Immigration Provisions Resources for developing legislation on sex trafficking of women and girls
Child Protection Provisions Resources on Forced and Child Marriage
Other provisions related to dowry-related and domestic violence laws
Related Tools

Overview and National Action Plans

Last edited: January 26, 2011

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Drafters should ensure that the administrative and regulatory aspects of the sex trafficking law are addressed through provisions addressing training, public awareness, task forces, data collection, the duties of law enforcement, prosecutors, judges, service providers and advocates; and the appropriation of funds to implement such provisions.

National Action Plans

  • Action plans should utilize a coordinated community response.For more information on a Coordinated Community Response see that section under the Domestic Violence portion of this Module.
    • Cross-cutting actions to establish governance structures, ensure participation of civil society, strengthen law and policy, build capacity of workforces and organizations, and improve evidence, throughout all aspects of the Plan (see chapter 3.3);
    • A coordinated strategy for the primary prevention of violence against women (see chapter 3.4);
    • The establishment and ongoing improvement of an integrated service, police and judicial response to violence against women (see chapter 3.5);
    • A description of how the Plan will be implemented, including articulation of concrete goals, actions, timelines and implementing entities; links to gender equality machinery and policy; and designated funding sources (see chapter 3.6); and
    • Evaluation, monitoring and reporting of the above (see chapter 3.7).

(See: UN Handbook for National Action Plans on Violence Against Women, 2012)

  • A United Nations treaty body or a regional human rights treaty body may review a country’s progress in taking appropriate measures to address human trafficking against its own national action plan. The Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women reviews a country’s compliance with international human rights obligations related to human trafficking and makes recommendations.

Promising Practices:

  • The government of Myanmar established a national action plan to combat trafficking in persons in 2007. The action plan’s strategies were to prevent trafficking in persons as a national goal and to pay specific attention to women and children. The action plan outlined a variety of activities to prevent and combat trafficking in persons and utilized a coordinated response. Activities and measures identified in the action plan include: 
    • Coordinating with neighboring states to combat trafficking;
    • Creating a task force and other teams to monitor and evaluate trafficking in persons in Myanmar;
    • Review of all relevant laws;
    • Building public awareness, including activities for specific outreach with vulnerable populations;
    • Prevention activities, including increasing access to education for children and other development initiatives;
    • Coordinating with NGOs and other relevant stakeholders;
    • Services for victims and immigration considerations; and
    • Activities directed at child sex tourism and other related regulations.

The Action Plan outlined above was considered so successful in its activities that the government of Myanmar extended it for an additional five years, until 2017. Additional activities were introduced with the renewal, including expanding outreach campaigns, including public awareness campaigns and targeted activities in regions of the country that see higher rates of human trafficking

(See: Myanmar Five Year Plan of Action to Combating Human Trafficking (2007-2011), 2007, available in English and Burmese; Myanmar to Extend Five More Years of Anti-Human Trafficking Program, Xinhuanet, 21 September 2011)

  • The United States recently released a draft of the 2013-2017 Victim Services Action Plan entitled, Coordination, Collaboration, Capacity: Federal Strategic Action Plan on Services for Victims of Human Trafficking in the United States.  The plan has a primary goal of coordinating the government response to victims of trafficking, engaging NGOs and other relevant actors, and ensuring that a coordinated community response is prioritized. Specific goals of the plan are to: increase coordination and collaboration, increase awareness, expand access to services and improve outcomes. The action plan is based on the premise that all relevant stakeholders need to be engaged, trained and communicating to effectively combat sex trafficking. (See: Coordination, Collaboration, Capacity: Federal Strategic Action Plan on Services for Victims of Human Trafficking in the United States, 2013-2017, 2013)