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Last edited: December 20, 2011

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This section provides information about planning and designing a programme aimed at reforming the justice sector to improve its response to violence against women. It is essential to work through a programme planning and design process before instituting any reform effort.  Programme planning and design will help practitioners:

  • Gain a complete picture of the problem to be solved, its causes and effects, and how it is related to other issues;
  • Develop clear goals and objectives by which to chart progress;
  • Accurately estimate the time and resources that will be needed to achieve objectives;
  • Bring partners to the process so as to ensure participation and buy-in from all key stakeholders; and
  • Develop a monitoring and evaluation plan to continually improve and document the successes and challenges associated with the work.

This section describes several steps in a programme planning and design process.

  • Step 1: Conduct an Appraisal
  • Step 2: Define and Prioritize Goals
  • Step 3. Plan for Participation and Partnerships
  • Step 4: Select A Strategy or Strategies
  • Step 5: Incorporate Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Step 6: Develop a Workplan and Budget

The steps need not be carried out in exactly the order that they are presented, indeed generally these steps will not be linear but will operate in a feedback loop as the programme develops and new issues emerge. These processes may operate simultaneously or planners may revisit a specific process or tool as programme ideas develop and are solidified. It will also be important for programme planners to consider other key issues as the programme is planned and developed (Fitzgerald, 2011), such as:

  • scope planning and definition (who ultimately decides what the program will and won’t do?)
  • quality planning, control, and assurance (how will the program meet standards?)
  • risk identification, assessment, planning, and response (how will the program get through or around dangers to success?)
  • communications (how will the program give the right information to the right people?)
  • cost and schedule control (how will the program avoid going over budget and over time?), and
  • change control (how will the program adapt to changed circumstances?)