Throughout this knowledge module, reference to certain provisions or sections of a piece of legislation, part of a legal judgment, or aspect of a practice does not imply that the legislation, judgment, or practice is considered in its entirety to be a good example or a promising practice.

Some of the laws cited herein may contain provisions which authorize the death penalty. In light of the United Nations General Assembly resolutions 62/14963/16865/206, and 67/176 calling for a moratorium on and ultimate abolition of capital punishment, the death penalty should not be included in sentencing provisions for crimes of violence against women and girls.

Other Provisions Related to Domestic Violence LawsResources for Developing Legislation on Domestic Violence
Sexual Harassment in Sport Tools for Drafting Sexual Harassment Laws and Policies
Immigration Provisions Resources for developing legislation on sex trafficking of women and girls
Child Protection Provisions Resources on Forced and Child Marriage
Other provisions related to dowry-related and domestic violence laws
Related Tools


Last edited: January 28, 2011

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Drafters should ensure that laws provide for training for prosecutors, law enforcement, judiciary, social service providers, consular personnel, and child welfare specialists. A comprehensive training program should focus on a variety of professionals whose work is connected with domestic violence and include training initiatives that range from general awareness-raising to specific policy development and implementation. States should "create, improve or develop as appropriate, and fund the training programmes for judicial, legal, medical, social, educational and police and immigrant personnel, in order to avoid the abuse of power leading to violence against women and sensitize such personnel to the nature of gender-based acts and threats of violence so that fair treatment of female victims can be assured." (See: Beijing Platform for Action) Other key actors who would benefit from training programs include politicians, the media, students and the general public.

Policymakers should ensure that trainings are framed in the context of forced and child marriage. See: General guidelines for developing a training, StopVAW, The Advocates for Human Rights. The guidelines cover such as basics as preparing the training, conducting exercises, training methods, organizing a training workshop, and tips for facilitators. General trainings on gender-based violence are also available. ECPAT has published Combating the Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes: A Training Guide, which includes logistical information and a substantive training course. Drafters should ensure that the development of trainings is conducted in consultation with NGOs working on violence against women, particularly forced and child marriage, and with immigrant women.

(See: Implementation of Laws on Violence against Women and Girls)