Throughout this knowledge module, reference to certain provisions or sections of a piece of legislation, part of a legal judgment, or aspect of a practice does not imply that the legislation, judgment, or practice is considered in its entirety to be a good example or a promising practice.

Some of the laws cited herein may contain provisions which authorize the death penalty. In light of the United Nations General Assembly resolutions 62/14963/16865/206, and 67/176 calling for a moratorium on and ultimate abolition of capital punishment, the death penalty should not be included in sentencing provisions for crimes of violence against women and girls.

Other Provisions Related to Domestic Violence LawsResources for Developing Legislation on Domestic Violence
Sexual Harassment in Sport Tools for Drafting Sexual Harassment Laws and Policies
Immigration Provisions Resources for developing legislation on sex trafficking of women and girls
Child Protection Provisions Resources on Forced and Child Marriage
Other provisions related to dowry-related and domestic violence laws
Related Tools

Resources for Drafting Legislation on Sexual Assault

Last edited: October 29, 2010

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Brown and Loeffler for TrustLaw, Achieving Justice for Victims of Rape and Advancing Women’s Rights (2011).

Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women’s Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS (2009). Available in English.

Council of Europe General Recommendation (2002)5 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the protection of women against violence adopted on 30 April 2002. Available in English.

Freccero et.al., Responding to Sexual Violence: Community Approaches (2011). Available in English.

(Harris and Freccero, Sexual Violence: Medical and Psychosocial Support (2011). Available in English.

Horváth, Enikö, Zukani, Monwabisi, Eppel, Desmond, Kays, Monica, Konare, Abdoul, Park, Yeora S., Pischalnikova, Ekaterina Y., Stankard, Nathaniel, and Zingher, Tally, in collaboration with Barad, Elizabeth and Slattery, Elisa, Gender-Based Violence Laws in Sub-Saharan Africa (2007), prepared for the Committee on African Affairs of the New York City Bar as part of a pro bono project coordinated by The Cyrus R. Vance Centre for International Justice. Available in English.

International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy (Canada), Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Violence Against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice: Resource Manual, (1999). Available in English.

National Advisory Council on Violence Against Women and the Violence Against Women Office (2001) United States, The Toolkit to End Violence Against Women. Available in English.

Organization of American States, Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women, 1994; available in English and Spanish.

Seelinger et.al., The Investigation and Prosecution of Sexual Violence (2011). Available in English.

The Advocates for Human Rights, StopVAW, available in English, retrieved 2013.

The UN Secretary-General’s database on violence against women is an excellent source for laws, action plans, administrative provisions, and much more from many countries. Available in English, French, Russian, and Spanish.

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, Report of the Intergovernmental Expert Group Meeting to Review and Update the Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Violence against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, March 2009. Available in English.

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs and Division for the Advancement of Women United Nations Handbook for legislation on violence against women. Available in Arabic; English; French; Mandarin; Spanish; and Russian.

A PowerPoint presentation on this United Nations model framework is available here.

A video dialogue between two experts discussing the model framework is available here.

United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women and United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Good practices in legislation on “harmful practices” against women, (2010). Available in English.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Action Against Sexual and Gender Based Violence: An Updated Strategy (2011). Available in Arabic, English, French, Portuguese, and Spanish.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Sexual and Gender-Based Violence against Refugees, Returnees, and Internally Displaced Persons,: Guidelines for Prevention and Response (2003). Available in English, Chinese, Greek, Hungarian, Russian, Swahili, and 11 other languages.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Violence against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Services. Available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish