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Key tools for situational analysis

Last edited: December 29, 2011

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Gender Self-Assessment Guide for the Police, Armed Forces and Justice Sector (Bastick, M for DCAF, 2011). This self-assessment guide is designed to be used by police, armed forces and justice sector institutions and can be adapted for use in any country, during peacetime or in conflict-affected settings, and at local as well as national levels. The guide can also be used as an assessment tool by external actors interested in how gender issues are being addressed by the sector. The assessment reviews the sector across 6 themes: Performance effectiveness; Laws, policies and planning; Community relations; Accountability and oversight; Personnel; and Institutional culture. The guide includes detailed steps for planning and conducting the assessment, through developing an action plan in response. Available in English and French.

Handbook on Security Sector Reform: Section 9: Integrating Gender Awareness and Equality (OECD/DAC, 2009). This section of the Handbook provides guidance and sample questions for conducting gender assessments of security institutions, among other elements of integrating gender issues into security and justice sector reform processes. Available in English.

Security Sector Reform Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation and Gender, Practice Note 11 Gender and Security Sector Reform Toolkit (Popovic for DCAF, OSCE/ODIHR, UN-INSTRAW, 2008). This Practice Note is designed to provide an introduction to gender issues for SSR practitioners and policymakers, and based on a longer Tool within the Gender and Security Sector Reform Toolkit. The Note provides an introduction to the benefits of integrating gender into security reform assessment and monitoring and evaluation, and provides introductory guidance for planning and implementing an assessment of the sector or specific institutions. Available in English.

Social Institutions Survey (MDG-F Integrated Programme on Gender-based Violence in Colombia, 2010).  This survey instrument was developed to assess gender and violence related knowledge, attitudes and practices of individuals within key social institutions. Topics covered include: gender roles, intimate relationships, conflict resolution, risk factors for gender-based violence, institutional tolerance for gender-based violence, public policies and responses to survivors.  The survey instrument is available in Spanish

Bringing the Global to the Local: Using Participatory Research to Address Sexual Violence with Immigrant Communities in NYC (New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault, 2008). This research New York City project, conducted in conjunction with the New School University, examines: 1) the scope and impact of sexual violence against (documented and undocumented) immigrant women; 2) help-seeking behaviours, including knowledge and attitudes about sexual violence services in their New York City communities; and 3) community-specific strategies to end sexual violence. The project has developed pilot tools that can assist in conducting formative research, including a case study to start a focus group discussion (in English and French); a picture survey for anonymous self-reporting (in English, French and Spanish); a focus group guide (in English); and a diagram to discuss community prevention strategies (in English and Spanish).

OECD DAC Handbook on Security Sector Reform: Supporting Security and Justice (Organisation for Economic Development and Cooperation DAC, Paris: OECD, 2007). This handbook is for development, security and diplomatic practitioners – both those working at the country-level and with global policy and strategy issues. The handbook draws on good practice to provide lessons learned in conducting security sector reform assessments, identifying entry points, designing and managing assistance programmes, and monitoring and evaluating progress. It provides a new assessment tool that includes straightforward guidance on how to assess the local context and covers: con?ict and political analysis; assessing the governance and capacity of the security system; identifying the needs of the poor; and highlighting other frameworks and programmes with which SSR could be linked. It offers practical suggestions on both the methodology and the process that best suits a particular situation. Available in English.

WHO Ethical and safety recommendations for researching, documenting and monitoring sexual violence in emergencies (2007). This resource, by the WHO, is a guide for researchers and practitioners operating in humanitarian settings. The recommendations provide guidance on the ethical and safety considerations required for research or programming examining sexual violence in emergencies, with eight recommendations and examples of good practice from both emergency and non-emergency settings. The recommendations complement existing guidelines on tools and reasearching sexual violence generally and include references to relevant reading. Available in English; 41 pages.

Researching Violence against Women: A Practical Guide for Researchers and Activists; Chapter 2: Ethical Considerations for Researching Violence Against Women (WHO/PATH, 2005). This manual, designed for activists, community workers, and service providers who want to become conversant in methodological issues, draws on the collective experiences and insights of many individuals, most notably the members of the International Research Network on Violence Against Women, an ad hoc group of researchers and activists that meets periodically to share experiences regarding research on violence. It is designed for researchers who want to know more about adapting traditional research techniques to the special case of investigating physical and sexual abuse. And it is a useful general tool for conducting different types of analysis and assessments on violence against women and girls which can be adapted for the security sector. Available in English.

WHO Ethical and safety recommendations for interviewing trafficked women (2003). This report, by Cathy Zimmerman and Charlotte Watts for the World Health Organization, is a resource for researchers, media, and service providers with limited experience working with trafficked women. The recommendations should be used together with existing standards and include ten basic standards for interviewing women who are in or have left a trafficking situation with an explanation provided for each standard and suggestions for their implementation. Available in Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, English, Japanese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish and Serbian; 36 pages.

Putting Women First: Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Research on Domestic Violence Against Women (2001). This resource, developed by the World Health Organization, is for researchers and practitioners involved in any aspect of research on domestic violence against women. The guidelines focus on ethical and safety issues related to planning and conducting population-based research on domestic violence, and provide eight recommendations for research on the issue. The resource does not provide guidance on: the process of planning or implementing research, other types of violence against women, or violence against women in conflict settings. Available in English, French and Spanish; 33 pages.

Assessing Justice System Response to Violence Against Women: A Tool for Law Enforcement, Prosecution and the Courts to Use in Developing Effective Responses (1998). This online tool, by the Battered Women's Justice Project, is for law enforcement, prosecution and court-related actors to strengthen criminal justice responses to violence against women (VAW). The manual contains checklists for assessing services responding to VAW from the perspectives of law enforcement, prosecution, the courts, and victim service agencies to improve survivor safety planning and practices. It also describes practices aimed at building coordinated responses to VAW, identifying specific issues and explaining how particular practices address the problem, the effective components of the practice, and actions to implement the practices. Available in English; 8 online sections.