Drafters should first seek to adopt a definition of sex trafficking which uses the phrase “by any means.”
Alternately, drafters should adopt a definition of sex trafficking such as that contained in The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children (UN Protocol), which recognizes that traffickers often use subtle means of “deception or the abuse of power or a position of vulnerability” to ensnare their victims.
Drafters should consider broadly defining the means and should consider the means contained in the laws cited here and in the Definitions section.
Drafters should be aware of the concerns and confusion surrounding the means of force fraud and coercion and the abuse of a position of vulnerability. For more information, please see the sub-sections on Force Fraud or Coercion and Abuse of a Position of Vulnerability.