Criminal Acts: Recruiting, Receiving, Transporting, or Harboring

Drafters should incorporate the acts of recruiting, receiving, transporting or harboring at a minimum; but should also consider whether to include any of the acts contained in the laws cited here. (See also the section on Definitions)


Illustrative Examples: 

  • “Recruitment, transportation, transfer, concealment or acceptance of human beings, regardless of their own will….” (Bulgarian “Combating Trafficking in Human Beings Act”, Additional Provision 1(1-2)).
  • “Receiving, recruiting, enticing, harboring, providing or obtaining an individual ….” (See Minn. Stat. § 609.321, subd. 7a (2009))
  • “Whoever, in order to derive a material benefit, induces another person to practice prostitution or facilitates it ….Whoever derives material benefits from prostitution practiced by another person…. (See: Polish Penal Code, Art. 204)
  • “Recruits, transports, accommodates, receives or implements some other such measure with a person ….” See: Swedish Penal Code, Chapter 4, Section 1a)
  • “Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons ….” (See: UN Trafficking Protocol, Art. 3)
  • “Recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person….” (See:  22 U.S.C. 7102, (9))